In vitro screening of a FDA approved chemical library reveals potential inhibitors of SARS-CoV-2 replication


Touret F, Gilles M, Barral K, Nougairède A, Decroly E, Lamballerie XD, Coutard B
bioRxiv 2020.04.03.023846 (2020)

A novel coronavirus, named SARS-CoV-2, emerged in 2019 from Hubei region in China and rapidly spread worldwide. As no approved therapeutics exists to treat Covid-19, the disease associated to SARS-Cov-2, there is an urgent need to propose molecules that could quickly enter into clinics. Repurposing of approved drugs is a strategy that can bypass the […]

An Unbiased Drug Screen for Seizure Suppressors in Duplication 15q Syndrome Reveals 5-HT1A and Dopamine Pathway Activation as Potential Therapies

Biological Psychiatry

Roy B, Han J, Hope KA, Peters TL, Palmer G, Reiter LT
Biological Psychiatry 1-12 (2020)

Background: Duplication 15q (Dup15q) syndrome is a rare neurogenetic disorder characterized by autism and pharmacoresistant epilepsy. Most individuals with isodicentric duplications have been on multiple medications to control seizures. We recently developed a model of Dup15q in Drosophila by elevating levels of fly Dube3a in glial cells using repo-GAL4, not neurons. In contrast to other […]

Identification of SARS-CoV-2 Inhibitors using Lung and Colonic Organoids


Han Y, Duan X, Yang L, Nilsson-Payant BE, Wang P, Duan F, Tang X, Yaron TM, Zhang T, Uhl S, Bram Y, Richardson C, Zhu J, Zhao Z, Redmond D, Houghton S, Nguyen DHT, Xu D, Wang X, Jessurun J, Borczuk A, Huang Y, Johnson JL, Liu Y, Xiang J, Wang H, Cantley LC, tenOever BR, Ho DD, Pan FC, Evans T, Chen HJ, Schwartz RE, Chen S
Nature - vol. 589 (2020)

There is an urgent need to create novel models using human disease-relevant cells to study SARS-CoV-2 biology and to facilitate drug screening. As SARS-CoV-2 primarily infects the respiratory tract, we developed a lung organoid model using human pluripotent stem cells (hPSC-LOs). The hPSC-LOs, particularly alveolar type II-like cells, are permissive to SARS-CoV-2 infection, and showed […]

Screening of potential antiviral molecules against equid herpesvirus-1 using cellular impedance measurement: Dataset of 2,891 compounds.

Data in Brief

Thieulent C, Fortier C, Munier-Lehmann H, Suzanne P, Dallemagne P, Zientara S, Hans A, Paillot R, Vidalain PO, Pronost S, Hue E
Data in Brief - vol. 33 106492 (2020)

Data presented in this article are associated with the research article “Identification of antiviral compounds against equid herpesvirus-1 using real-time cell assay screening: efficacy of decitabine and valganciclovir alone and in combination” [1]. These data correspond to the in vitro screening of 2,891 potential antiviral compounds against equid herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1) based on impedance measurements using […]

HIV Drugs Inhibit Transfer of Plasmids Carrying Extended- Spectrum Beta-Lactamase and Carbapenemase Genes


Michelle M. C. Buckner A, M. Laura Ciusa ARWM, Gregory E. McCallum AELP, Alessandro Di Maio C, Piddock LJV
mBio - vol. 11 1-18 (2020)

Antimicrobial-resistant (AMR) infections pose a serious risk to human and animal health. A major factor contributing to this global crisis is the sharing of resistance genes between different bacteria via plasmids. The WHO lists Enterobacteriaceae, such as Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae, producing extended-spectrum ␤-lactamases (ESBL) and carbapenemases as “critical” priorities for new drug development. […]

A high-content image-based drug screen of clinical compounds against cell transmission of adenovirus

Nature Scientific Data

Georgi F, Kuttler F, Murer L, Andriasyan V, Witte R, Yakimovich A, Turcatti G, Greber UF
Nature Scientific Data - vol. 7 1-12 (2020)

Human adenoviruses (HAdVs) are fatal to immuno-suppressed individuals, but no effective anti-HAdV therapy is available. Here, we present a novel image-based high-throughput screening (HTS) platform, which scores the full viral replication cycle from virus entry to dissemination of progeny and second-round infections. We analysed 1,280 small molecular weight compounds of the Prestwick Chemical Library (PCL) […]

Multiple drug- induced stress responses inhibit formation of Escherichia coli biofilm

Appl Environ Microbiol

Teteneva NA MS
Appl Environ Microbiol - vol. 86 1-15 (2020)

In most ecosystems, bacteria exist primarily as structured surface-associated biofilms that can be highly tolerant to antibiotics and thus represent an important health issue. Here, we explored drug repurposing as a strategy to identify new anti- biofilm compounds, screening over 1,000 compounds from the Prestwick Chemical Library of approved drugs for specific activities that prevent […]

Bioinformatics analysis of high-throughput data to validate potential novel biomarkers and small molecule drugs for glioblastoma multiforme

Journal of International Medical Research

Qi F, Li Q, Lu X, Chen Z
Journal of International Medical Research - vol. 48 1-17 (2020)

Objective: There have been no recent improvements in the glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) outcome, with median survival remaining 15 months. Consequently, the need to identify novel biomarkers for GBM diagnosis and prognosis, and to develop targeted therapies is high. This study aimed to establish biomarkers for GBM pathogenesis and prognosis. Methods: In total, 220 overlapping differentially […]

Compound screening in cell-based models of tau inclusion formation: Comparison of primary neuron and HEK293 cell assays

Journal of Biological Chemistry

Crowe A, Henderson MJ, Anderson J, Titus SA, Zakharov A, Simeonov A, Buist A, Delay C, Moechars D, Trojanowski JQ, Lee VM, Brunden KR
Journal of Biological Chemistry - vol. 295 4001-4013 (2020)

The hallmark pathological features of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) brains are senile plaques, comprising β-amyloid (Aβ) peptides, and neuronal inclusions formed from tau protein. These plaques form 10 -20 years before AD symptom onset, whereas robust tau pathology is more closely associated with symptoms and correlates with cognitive status. This temporal sequence of AD pathology development, […]

High Content Screening Using New U2OS Reporter Cell Models Identifies Harmol Hydrochloride as a Selective and Competitive Antagonist of the Androgen Receptor


Dellal H, Boulahtouf A, Alaterre E, Cuenant A, Grimaldi M, Bourguet W, Gongora C, Balaguer P, Pourquier P
Cells - vol. 9 (2020)

Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy in men. Its growth mainly relies on the activity of the androgen receptor (AR), justifying the use of androgen deprivation therapy as a gold standard treatment for the metastatic disease. Inhibition of the androgen axis using second generation antagonists has improved patients’ survival, but is systematically confronted […]